Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a cancer found anywhere in the stomach, but it’s not very common in the UK, according to the NHS.
The stomach is located in the upper middle part of the belly, just below the ribs with its purpose to break down and digest food.
Stomach cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the lining of the stomach.
It is the 17th most common cancer in the UK, according to Cancer Research UK back in 2018.
Age, diet, and stomach disease can affect the risk of developing gastric cancer.
However, increasing evidence shows a strong correlation between diet and a person’s risk of developing the disease.
The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) Third Expert Report concluded that diet and nutrition, including obesity and low physical activity, are modifiable risk factors for several cancers.
According to a 2018 report by the World Cancer Research Fund, foods preserved by salting increases the risk of stomach cancer.
Research mainly refers to high-salt foods and salt-preserved foods, which include “pickled vegetables”, it added.
In a study published in the American Association for Cancer Research pickled food and risk of gastric cancer was further analysed.
The research involved a meta-analysis of epidemiologic observational studies to evaluate the existing evidence with a total of 60 studies further investigated.
“Among case–control studies, 30 showed significant increased risk and one showed significant decreased risk,” noted the study.
It added: “Among prospective studies, two showed a significant increased risk but none showed a significant decreased risk.”
It concluded pickled food had a “potential 50% higher risk of gastric cancer.”
Symptoms of stomach cancer
Feeling bloated after eating
Feeling full after eating small amounts of food
Not feeling hungry when you would expect to be hungry
Losing weight without trying
Feeling very tired
Stools that look black
The symptoms of stomach cancer are very common, and can be caused by a number of different things.
If you have any of these symptoms, it doesn’t mean you have stomach cancer, but it’s important to get it checked out by your GP.
Treatment for stomach cancer
“Stomach cancer is often treatable, but it can be difficult to treat,” states the NHS.
It added: “The treatment will depend on:
the type and size of the stomach cancer you have
Were it is
If it has spread
Your general health
“It usually includes surgery and chemotherapy. It may also include radiotherapy, and treatment with targeted medicines.”